Different Types of Teeth Braces and their Uses

Posted on: 13 Sep, 2022

What Are Dental Teeth Braces?

Dental braces are dental devices that orthodontists use to reposition and straighten your teeth. An orthodontist is one who has this kind of expertise in appliance and therapy for crooked teeth. Metal or ceramic, wires, and a bonding substance are the main components of braces. Additionally, braces give you the chance to safeguard your long-term oral health. They can also improve the comfort of eating. People of all ages, from adolescence to the elderly, can wear dental braces. Dentists, however, frequently advise patients to have treatment between the ages of 12 and 18, when the jaw bone is pliable and tooth movement is simpler and less perilous. A majority of people get this orthodontic treatment to look better and improve their appearance while smiling.

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Types of Dental Braces

To enhance the appearance of braces, orthodontists have created numerous procedures over time. It takes time and thought to select the best treatment approach. Braces that are most frequently used include:

  • Metal braces: Metal braces are popular with teenagers as they can be brightened up with different colours to make the smile unique. They are constructed of premium stainless-steel brackets that are attached to your teeth using arch wires and elastic bands. The bands are used to gradually tighten the braces over time, assisting in proper tooth alignment. The most popular method of straightening teeth is using metal braces. In cases of severe tooth misalignment, they are frequently the best option. These are affixed to your teeth permanently and can only be removed by the orthodontist after treatment.
  • Ceramic braces: Ceramic braces are transparent, tooth-coloured bracelets. They function similarly to metal braces but are more covert and less obvious. They are well-liked because of how attractive they seem. The primary distinction is the use of white elastic modules for stainless steel wire. Ceramic braces are less noticeable since the brackets match the shade of the teeth. In the brackets of these is either a metal archwire or a ceramic arch wire. Adults who seek a discreet appearance or are self-conscious about wearing braces, opt for these kinds.
  • Self-ligating braces: Self-ligating braces, which come in both ceramic and metal, function similarly to those materials. They also use braces and a wire to reposition the teeth. Self-ligating braces use doors or clips to hold the wire in place rather than elastic rubber ties, which is how they vary from metal or ceramic braces. Self-ligating braces have been found to result in slightly shorter appointment durations because of how simple they are to adjust. As a result, they are a wise decision for:
  • Patients who are more sensitive to pain.
  • Patients who find it difficult to remain motionless in the dentist's chair for an extended period.
  • Patients with developmental delays and orthodontic needs.
  • Lingual braces: The most sophisticated and uncommon orthodontic system available is lingual braces, which are placed below the teeth. Lingual braces are custom-made brackets that are shaped to fit within each tooth. The brackets are connected by a wire that also pulls the teeth into place from the inside. They work just as well as conventional outside braces, but fitting them takes longer because each bracket must be built to order. These include total invisibility as well as improved functionality and adaptability in a few patients. The cost of this treatment may be higher because the application is delicate and more time-consuming. If you opt for a custom fit, the price could be even more expensive.
  • Invisalign Braces: A series of transparent, removably made aligners are used in the Invisalign procedure and are worn over the teeth. Invisalign is made with 3-D computer imaging technology. To gradually reposition the teeth into the desired position, the patient wears a set of customized plastic trays for two weeks. Since there are no metal elements to rub against gums or inside the mouth, the aligners are more comfortable to wear and nearly unnoticeable. Invisalign is most effective for people with mild to severe dental issues, such as gaps between their front teeth, a large overbite, and no jaw alignment issues. Invisalign treatment is apt for minor adjustments only.

Pros and Cons of Dental Bracelets

Read on for some benefits and drawbacks you should be aware of before deciding whether or not to get braces for straighter teeth.

Pros: It can improve people's eating practices. Braces are recommended by dentists since they are a successful product. The fact that orthodontic treatment can improve the appearance of teeth over time is a significant advantage for people of any age when considering getting braces. The comfort of the teeth can also be improved by braces. Braces are effective, affordable, and simple to keep clean. They stop dental accidents. Your speech can be enhanced by braces. The likelihood of temporomandibular joint disorder is decreased with braces.

Cons: The areas of the teeth and gums are challenging to keep clean while wearing braces. Food particles can become trapped in these spaces, causing gum disease and tooth damage. Your inner cheeks, lips, and gums can feel sore when they come into touch with the metal brackets and wires when you wear braces. Relapse is the shifting and moving of teeth after braces have been taken off. To prevent relapse, retainers are given to patients after treatment. However, if they are not worn as directed, there is a considerable risk of relapse, especially right after the braces are taken off.

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Dos and don’ts after braces treatment

Read on to find out all about what you should do and avoid while wearing braces.

Do’s: Regular tooth brushing is an essential component of daily healthcare. Protect your mouth when playing sports. While brushing and flossing are essential components of your dental hygiene routine, they might not always be possible. Instead, after eating, rinse your mouth with water. When necessary, make an appointment with your orthodontist for optimal treatment.

Don’ts: Avoid chewy, crunchy, hard, sticky, sweet, or food that requires a bite since these foods can harm your braces and teeth. A mouth injury or brace damage can result from tampering with the elastic bands, which will slow down realignment. Avoid sodas as they contain too much sugar and carbonation, which can cause the glue holding your brackets to fall off.

Post-treatment care for braces

Orthodontic treatment can produce amazing results, making the effort required to achieve them well worth it. However, what happens next is vitally important.

The mainstay of dental care post braces is retainers. They maintain the benefits of your orthodontic treatment and prevent the issues with your new smile from returning. Your gum tissue can be slightly inflamed following the removal of your braces, but this should go away after a few days of diligent brushing and flossing. Make sure to follow a strict dental hygiene regimen. You can experience some heightened sensitivity for as long as a month or two after your braces are taken off while your teeth become used to life without them. While eating certain things can be uncomfortable for some people, having orthodontic treatment doesn't put them in any greater danger than anyone else. Regularly rinse your mouth with water. Recurring dental exams should be scheduled.

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How Much Do Teeth Braces Cost?

Dental issues can be effectively treated with braces, but they have historically been expensive. The cost greatly varies depending on the type of braces you obtain and how long you need to wear them. Metal braces are usually the least expensive but are also the most noticeable. The cost ranges between 30,000 and 45,000 rupees. Ceramic braces typically cost a little more than metal braces. The cost is between Rs 50,000 and Rs 55,000. The cost of self-ligating braces begins at Rs 70,000 and Rs 80,000, respectively. Since lingual braces are uncommon, not all orthodontists choose to treat patients with them. It costs between 1.5 and 2 lakhs. In comparison to all other types, Invisalign braces are relatively expensive. This particular treatment will typically take longer than others. They can run you up to 3 lakhs.

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1. When are dental braces recommended?

When one experiences one or more of the following problems, braces are recommended:

  • Malocclusions. This refers to misalignment when the upper jaw and lower jaw are meeting.
  • When the lower jaw is too far behind the upper jaw
  • The upper teeth cover the lower teeth completely
  • Crossed teeth (When a tooth is closer to the cheek or the tongue, in a different direction to the opposite tooth in the upper or lower dental arch)
  • Asymmetrical teeth
  • When the lower teeth overlap the upper teeth
  • Overcrowding

2. What happens before and after tooth braces treatment?

Dental braces are used to straighten crooked teeth and rectify tooth alignment issues. With braces, teeth are progressively moved into their right locations by applying constant, mild pressure with the help of brackets and wires. The brackets are attached to your teeth. When the wire is inserted into the brackets, it tries to revert to its previous shape, shifting your teeth into a more desirable position.

3. Are dental braces painful?

When braces are first applied, they frequently produce soreness and discomfort that can persist for a few days. Over the first several days, your mouth will need time to acclimate to the realignment process, including the metal wires, elastic bands, and all. Additionally, eating will be challenging, and you might be unable to eat some hard foods for a few days. The pain and discomfort will eventually go away. You will once more feel pain following the tightening of your braces at your subsequent consultations. For the ache, it is suggested that you take a prescription painkiller.

4. What is the recovery time after teeth braces treatment?

You'll feel some pain and tenderness in your teeth and gums for a few hours after the procedure. This discomfort will most likely last a week. You will be acclimating to the sensation of your braces during that period. The wires and elastic bands put your teeth under pressure to gradually straighten them. One to two weeks will be needed for your lips and cheeks to adjust to the braces on your teeth.

5. Do teeth need special care after dental braces?

Yes! Being vigilant about your oral hygiene routines is essential because there are several difficulties that people encounter after getting rid of their braces. Obtain a complete professional cleaning and examination. As instructed, wear your retainer. Be meticulous with your dental hygiene at home.

6. How long does one need to wear braces?

In most cases, you have to wear your braces for 1-3 years before switching to the retainer. The length of time you must wear braces depends on how serious your condition is. Children usually need to wear braces for a shorter time than adults. The duration of wearing braces also depends on how routinely you keep up with your dental hygiene.

7. Are teeth extracted for orthodontic treatment?

Yes, tooth extraction for braces is very safe. For orthodontic purposes, the first premolar teeth are usually extracted. First and second premolars, specifically, are situated between the canine teeth and the molars, making it possible to remove them without compromising function or appearance. It is not compulsory for every patient to get extractions. But for those with extra teeth that cause crowding to fit all the teeth, extraction is an effective way to help align all the teeth properly.

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